Gemstones have been carved for hundreds, even thousands of years.
Flowers, animals, and objects of cultural importance are popular subject matter for gem carvings.
Native American Zunis are known for their fetish necklaces which include carvings of animals.
Chinese culture is known for their carved jade Buddhas and bi discs (pronounced bee discs).
Jade, opal, coral, and other soft gems are all commonly carved gemstones.